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A hard drive is a hardware component of every computer system that allows you to store your data. It stores all types of data, whether images, videos, songs, or even your office work documents, in digital format. In short, any computer needs to work as intended.

Internal and external hard drives are the two commonly used types of hard drives. As the name suggests, an internal hard drive is fitted inside the computer for storage purposes. On the other hand, an external hard drive is used externally for storing additional data. This blog explains what a hard drive crash is and the reasons for hard drive failure.

What is a Hard Drive Crash?

Hard drive crash is an inescapable reality in today’s business world. Whether because of human error, software corruption, or some other reasons, most users face data loss through hard drive crashes, making the situation even worse. Hard disk crashes can be comparatively painless and temporary or as frustrating as a permanent loss of crucial data.

A hard drive may fail at any point in time. Hard drive fails after accumulation of bad sectors in the disk because of aging or a sudden crash. This may lead to irrevocable damage to the disk platter surface. There can be various reasons behind hard drive failure; however, they lead to permanent data loss in most cases. Therefore, recovering data from a crashed hard drive at the earliest is highly essential.

Top 6 Reasons Causing Hard Drive Failure:

Let’s understand the top reasons that cause hard drive failure.

1. Firmware or Manufacturer’s Faults

This error occurs because of inappropriate power supply, virus attack, accidental shutdown, interruption during firmware upgrades, and manufacturing faults. Even a brand-new hard disk may show you symptoms of failure.

Users can approach the hard disk manufacturer and ask for Return Authorization (RA) if the warranty period of the disk isn’t over yet. But, manufacturers usually don’t provide any guarantee toward the safety of your data.

2. Electronic Failure or Power Surge

Sometimes, UPS fails to deliver the necessary power supply. It’s either too high or too low. This can also happen when you utilize an unreliable power source, or there are frequent interruptions in the flow of electricity.

Ensure that your system hardware is receiving a proper power supply. You can fix this issue by using UPS from a reputable brand. Also, turn it off properly when you aren’t using your computer.

3. Overheating

This error may occur because of a faulty CPU fan, improper ventilation, high-voltage power supply, rise in temperature, virus infection, or formation of bad sectors.

Ensure that your CPU fans are working fine. Double-check that enough cooling is provided to the processor and its peripherals. You can also apply thermal paste between the heat sinks of your CPU fan and thus make it run smoothly.

4. Mechanical or Internal Failure

Mechanical failure in the hard drive can occur because of moving parts, malware or virus attack, bad sectors, and improper power supply. These reasons may lead to hard drive failure or crash and data corruption.

You have to update your system regularly. Your antivirus software must be updated, and you should scan your computer to evaluate malicious activities or virus attacks. Also, replacing your hard drive every 3-4 years is recommended.

5. Corrupt File

Using malicious or faulty apps, closing running programs accidentally, unethically shutting down the PC, and power surges, are reasons that result in system file corruption and further make the hard disk inaccessible.

Always follow the standard process to shut down your PC. Close all the running programs and then shut down the system. Avoid installing faulty software or malicious applications.

6. Human Errors

Being the most common cause of hard disk failure, human errors include modifying system registry settings, altering system file attributes, wrong installation of OS, accidentally deleting files or directories, etc.

Human errors might not just cause severe damage to hard disks but could also result in permanent data loss. Therefore, opt for the most efficient data recovery software to scan and recover data from the damaged hard drive.

If you are looking for computer repair or data backup services for personal or business systems, feel free to reach us at SPARK Services.